Application of electrokinetic soil flushing to four herbicides: a comparison
Dos Santos, E.V
Souza, Flavio L.
Lanza, Marcos Roberto de Vasconcelos
Martínez Huitle, Carlos Alberto
Cañizares Cañizares, Pablo
Rodrigo, Manuel Andrés
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In this work, four bench-scale plants containing soil spiked with four herbicides (2,4-14 Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), oxyfluorfen, chlorsulfuron and atrazine) undergo treatment consisting of an electrokinetic soil flushing (EKSF). Results clearly demonstrate that efficiency of EKSF depends on the chemical characteristic of the pesticide used. The amount of pesticide collected in the anode well is more significant than that collected in the cathode wells, indicating that the electromigration is much more 19 important than drainage by electro-osmotic flux for this application. After 15 d of 20 treatment, the 2,4-D is the pesticide most efficiently removed (95% of removal), while chlorsulfuron is the pesticide more resilient to the treatment. Additionally, volatilization was found to be a process of the major significance in the application of electrokinetic techniques to soil polluted with herbicides and because of that it should always be taken into account in the future design of full-scale processes.