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Wildfires and the role of their drivers are changing over time in a large rural area of west-central Spain

Mostrar el registro sencillo del ítem Viedma, Olga R. Urbieta, Itziar Moreno Rodríguez, José Manuel 2019-02-05T16:26:34Z 2019-02-05T16:26:34Z 2018
dc.identifier.citation Scientific Reports. 2018, (8), 1-13 es_ES
dc.description.abstract During the last decades, wildfires have been changing in many areas across the world, due to changes in climate, landscapes and socioeconomic drivers. However, how the role of these drivers changed over time has been little explored. Here, we assessed, in a spatially and temporally explicit way, the changing role of biophysical and human-related factors on wildfires in a rural area in west-central Spain from 1979 to 2008. Longitudinal Negative Binomial (NB) and Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial (ZINB) mixed models, with time as interacting factor (continuous and categorical), were used to model the number of fires of increasing size (≥1–10 ha, >10–100 ha, >100 ha) per 10 × 10 km cell per year, based on fire statistics. We found that the landscape was rather dynamic, and generally became more hazardous over time. Small fires increased and spread over the landscape with time, with medium and large fires being stable or decreasing. NB models were best for modelling small fires, while ZINB for medium and large; models including time as a categorical factor performed the best. Best models were associated to topography, land-use/land cover (LULC) types and the changes they underwent, as well as agrarian characteristics. Climate variables, forest interfaces, and other socioeconomic variables played a minor role. Wildfires were initially more frequent in rugged topography, conifer forests, shrublands and cells undergoing changes in LULC types of hazardous nature, for all fire sizes. As time went by, wildfires lost the links with the initial fire-prone areas, and as they spread, became more associated to lower elevation areas, with higher solar radiation, herbaceous crops, and large size farms. Thus, the role of the fire drivers changed over time; some decreased their explaining power, while others increased. These changes with time in the total number of fires, in their spatial pattern and in the controlling drivers limit the ability to predict future fires. es_ES
dc.format text/plain es_ES
dc.language.iso en es_ES
dc.publisher Springer Nature es_ES
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess es_ES
dc.subject Wildfires es_ES
dc.subject Rural area es_ES
dc.subject Spain es_ES
dc.subject Incendios forestales es_ES
dc.subject Área rural es_ES
dc.subject España es_ES
dc.title Wildfires and the role of their drivers are changing over time in a large rural area of west-central Spain es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.identifier.DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-36134-4

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